Italian graphic designer Massimo Vignelli (1931-2014) was one of the seminal figures in the development of visual communication in the second half of the twentieth century. He studied architecture in Milan and Venice before branching out into the world of design. Together with his wife Lella, with whom he worked throughout his life, Vignelli founded Unimark International, the first design consultancy with an international scope and offices worldwide in 1965, Vignelli Associates in 1971, and Vignelli Design in 1978. His works include graphic and corporate identity programs, publications, graphic and architectural exhibitions, signage, interior design, furniture and the design of consumer products for many American and European companies. Much of Vignelli’s work has become iconic and is exhibited in the permanent collections of museums worldwide.